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Temple of Hadrian
THE TEMPLE OF HADRIAN
Hadrian Temple is one of the most impressive constructions in Ephesus
and composed of a cella and a portico. It was dedicated to the Emperor
Hadrian (118-138 A.D.) It was consisted of a monumental pronoas and
simple and small naos. Just in front of the pronoas there four
columns with Corinthian capitals which supported the pediment. The
relief of Tyche, the goddess of city, is seen on the pediment of the
temple. The lintel of the door behind the columns is richly adorned
with classical rows of egg and dart moldings. On the front of the upper
lintel there is a relief of a Medusa in the shape of a young woman
among the achantus leaves and flowers. The frieze in the pronoas is a
copy. The original frieze is displayed in the Selçuk Museum. The frieze
consisted of four parts. On the first three parts starting from the
left are depicted some gods and goddesses and the
legend of Androclos, the founder of Ephesus, chasing and hunting
the boar, gods and Amozons, Amazons and the procession of Dionysos. The
theme of the forth part is different than the others. Here are shown
from left Athena, Selene, the goddess of Moon, a man, Apollo, a woman,
Androclos, Hercules, Emperor Theodosius�s wife and son and the goddess
Athena. The temple destroyed by a severe earthquake in the A.D.4th
century was restored and the fourth part of the frieze should have been
taken from another edifice at Ephesus. There were bronze
statues of Roman Emperors Diocletian, Maksiman, Constantinus Chlorus ve
Galerius on four pedestals in front of the temple.
The staircase on the right-hand side of the Temple of Hadrian, leads to the second floor of
Hadrian's Temple earned the second 'Temple-Wardenship' for Ephesus. It is a fairly small structure
in comparison to some of the other edifices, though it is one of the most attractive.
in the Corinthian style, it is comprised of a cella and a porch. The
roof of the cella was originally stone vaulting, similar to the roof of
the Temple of Serapis. There are two columns in the middle of the porch
façade and a pillar at either end. The straight architrave, overlaid
with a frieze on top of the pillars at the sides, curves into an arch
over the two central pillars.
The bust of Tyche (or Kybele), the fortune of the city, is in the center of the arch.
sanctuary was built in the 2nd century AD. The inscription over the
architrave reveals that the temple was dedicated to Hadrian(117-138 AD)
by P. Quintilius.
In the 4th century the temple was
damaged by successive earthquakes, or possibly by fire. The porch
reliefs belong to the subsequent restoration. (Those in place now are
casts and the originals are in the museum).
On the opposite side of Curates Street from the brothel/baths of
Scolastikia complex are another group of lesser ruins.