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Hadrian Temple in Ephesus

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Temple of Hadrian
The Hadrian Temple is one of the most impressive constructions in Ephesus and composed of a cella and a portico. It was dedicated to the Emperor Hadrian (118-138 A.D.) It was consisted of a monumental pronoas and simple and small naos.  Just in front of the pronoas there four columns with Corinthian capitals which supported the pediment. The relief of Tyche, the goddess of city, is seen on the pediment of the temple. The lintel of the door behind the columns is richly adorned with classical rows of egg and dart moldings. On the front of the upper lintel there is a relief of a Medusa in the shape of a young woman among the achantus leaves and flowers. The frieze in the pronoas is a copy. The original frieze is displayed in the Selçuk Museum. The frieze consisted of four parts. On the first three parts starting from the left  are depicted some gods and goddesses and  the legend  of Androclos, the founder of Ephesus, chasing and hunting the boar, gods and Amozons, Amazons and the procession of Dionysos. The theme of the forth part is different than the others. Here are shown from left Athena, Selene, the goddess of Moon, a man, Apollo, a woman, Androclos, Hercules, Emperor Theodosius�s wife and son and the goddess Athena. The temple destroyed by a severe earthquake in the A.D.4th century was restored and the fourth part of the frieze should have been taken   from another edifice at Ephesus. There were bronze statues of Roman Emperors Diocletian, Maksiman, Constantinus Chlorus ve Galerius on four pedestals in front of the temple.

The staircase on the right-hand side of the Temple of Hadrian, leads to the second floor of Skolastikia's thermal baths.  Hadrian's Temple earned the second 'Temple-Wardenship' for Ephesus. It is a fairly small structure in comparison to some of the other edifices, though it is one of the most attractive.  Built in the Corinthian style, it is comprised of a cella and a porch. The roof of the cella was originally stone vaulting, similar to the roof of the Temple of Serapis. There are two columns in the middle of the porch façade and a pillar at either end. The straight architrave, overlaid with a frieze on top of the pillars at the sides, curves into an arch over the two central pillars.  The bust of Tyche (or Kybele), the fortune of the city, is in the center of the arch.  The sanctuary was built in the 2nd century AD. The inscription over the architrave reveals that the temple was dedicated to Hadrian(117-138 AD) by P. Quintilius. In the 4th century the temple was damaged by successive earthquakes, or possibly by fire. The porch reliefs belong to the subsequent restoration. (Those in place now are casts and the originals are in the museum). On the opposite side of Curates Street from the brothel/baths of Scolastikia complex are another group of lesser ruins.

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